India's outbound capital increases by 92% in 12 months to Q1 2019: Knight Frank Report

by Shrutee K/DNS
Singapore overtakes Hong Kong as Asia-Pacific’s top source for outbound capital
Mumbai17th June 2019 – Knight Frank, the independent global property consultancy, today launches the 2019 edition of its flagship report, Active Capital. According to the report, India’s outbound capital into commercial real estate increased by 92% to US$0.7bn in 12 months to Q1 2019. United Kingdom, Netherlands, Germany, United States of America and Australia were the top destination countries of Indian capital investments. Inbound cross border investment volumes into Indian commercial real estate accounted to US$2.6bn in 12 months to Q1 2019.
Knight Frank’s Active Capital 2019 report delves into the sources and destinations of cross-border investments in commercial real estate and highlights five themes shaping the next phase of global real estate investment: late cycle investing, capital gravity, the reinvention of capital, ‘nownership’ and the value of data.
Asia-Pacific outbound capital
Between Q1 2018 and Q1 2019, total outbound capital from Asia Pacific dropped 34% (from US$88bn to US$57bn), coming in third behind North America (US$110bn) and Europe (US$104bn), due in part to the significant fall in outbound capital from China and became net importer of capital.
In the same period, Singapore overtook Hong Kong, recording a 23% increase in outbound capital. According to the report, Singapore has already invested more than US$4 billion into ChinaSouth Korea, the UK and Australia in Q1 2019, reflecting several landmark cross-border deals.
Top 5 global destinations of India’s outbound cross border investments into commercial real estate (Figures in US$)
Source Country
Global Destination
Investment Volumes                 
(12-months to Q1 2019)
       


India
United Kingdom
328,785,177
Netherlands
132,434,671
Germany
116,137,513
United States of America
71,076,989
Australia
67,630,260
Source: Knight Frank/RCA
Top capital exporting countries globally (Figures in US$)
#
Source country
12-months to Q1 2018
12-months to Q1 2019
1
United States of America
61,021,268,985
59,628,414,693
2
Canada
23,348,695,211
50,407,714,161
3
Germany
19,892,706,157
24,494,043,903
4
Singapore
17,706,485,351
21,856,679,460
5
United Kingdom
14,101,204,634
18,534,994,383
6
France
12,609,470,691
18,187,000,601
7
Hong Kong
18,237,800,416
11,452,839,115
8
Switzerland
6,774,522,298
11,214,040,082
9
South Korea
8,784,839,873
8,926,651,311
10
China
34,589,536,143
5,782,042,060
30
India
373,082,757

716,064,610

Source: Knight Frank/RCA
Neil Brookes, Asia-Pacific Head of Capital Markets, Knight Frank, said, “In the past 12 months, outbound capital from Asia-Pacific, and Singapore in particular, has sought out alternative asset classes in Western markets while reducing their exposure to retail assets in the region, previously thought of as a core asset class.”
Shishir Baijal, Chairman & Managing Director, Knight Frank India, said, “With geopolitical factors coming into play, prolonged global economic cycle and interest rate in late cycle investment is prompting cross-border capital flows. The Indian investors are increasingly looking at international commercial real estate assets to diversify risk and increase their returns.”
Asia-Pacific inbound capital
With investment volumes of US$704,143,457, Singapore was the biggest capital source country for the Indian commercial real estate between Q1 2018 and Q1 2019, followed by Australia (investment volume – US$ 98,647,399) and Japan (investment volume – US$25,356,029).
India ranks 20th in the aspect of top capital importing countries, globally.
Top 5 global source countries of cross border investments into India’s commercial real estate (Figures in US$)
Source Country
Destination Country
Investment Volumes
(12-months to Q1 2019)
Singapore




India

704,143,457
Australia
98,647,399
Japan

25,356,029

China
21,138,726

Hong Kong
11,108,963
Source: Knight Frank/RCA

Between Q1 2018 and Q1 2019, China was a net importer of capital and Asia Pacific’s largest recipient of cross-border capital, edging ahead of AustraliaSouth Korea was the only other Asian entrant in the top 10 destinations globally for cross-border investment.
Top capital importing countries globally (Figures in US$)
#
Destination Country
12-months to Q1 2018
12-months to Q1 2019
1
United States of America
54,157,903,628
80,882,031,454
2
United Kingdom
41,549,085,817
34,851,878,141
3
Germany
33,591,633,316
24,369,581,105
4
France
11,404,812,756
18,229,163,913
5
Spain
14,969,095,823
16,317,263,062
6
China
9,134,327,834
14,294,951,229
7
Australia
11,172,278,439
13,126,630,875
8
Netherlands
13,941,398,883
12,696,783,194
9
Poland
6,270,069,668
5,831,363,083
10
South Korea
2,323,960,448
5,729,007,207
20
India
3,923,417,354

2,586,188,946

Source: Knight Frank/RCA
Into extra time
The report discusses the implications for real estate investors in the late cycle environment, arguing that many markets will not see returns hit recent highs.
“With ongoing trade tensions and heightened economic uncertainties, many Asia-Pacific central banks have opted for a more dovish stance on their monetary policies as economies start decelerating. In the past six months alone, five Asia-Pacific central banks have cut their benchmark interest rates following weaker than expected Q1 2019 GDP growth,” said Nicholas Holt, Asia-Pacific Head of Research, Knight Frank.
“While this will support real estate pricing, given the stage in the cycle, investors searching for higher returns are increasingly pivoting towards alternative assets and fringe markets,” Holt added.

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